The way to Tea Stain Lamp Shades

Tea staining gives cloth and paper a gently aged patina without spending a fortune or taking much time. It also changes the expression of a lampshade without introducing harsh chemicals to your property. This method doesn’t work on every kind of fabric or newspaper, so begin with a lampshade made of cotton, linen, or newspaper that’s sturdy enough to handle a little bit of fluid.

Attract 4 or so cups of water to a boil. You’re going to decrease this fluid, therefore begin with more than you believe you need. If you want to begin with more than 4 cups, add another tea bag for each additional cup of water.

Put 4 tea bags to the boiling water and give them a stir. Black tea works best for an antique golden appearance.

Allow the tea steep for 10 to 15 minutes. Remove the tea bags and discard them.

Pull the tea into a very low simmer and let it cook for 20 to thirty minutes. Let it cool for a minimum of 30 minutes.

Place a drop cloth over your work surface to catch drips and spills.

Set your lampshade on a bottle or vase to keep it upright without having to break it on the table. This also allows you to turn the lampshade without demanding it.

Dip your sponge brush to the low tea and blot off the excess on the edge of the grass. Paint the lampshade in even vertical strips.

Even out the places where the brush strokes overlap using a clean, dry shop cloth or old white T-shirt if necessary. A clean, dry staining sponge also works for this.

Allow the tea stain dry completely before deciding in the event that you will need a second coat, since it dissolves darker than as it goes on.

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What Are the Causes of Guttation in Plants?

Should you assume those drops of water on the leaves of your garden plants are always dew, you could possibly be wrong. Dew is moisture from the atmosphere and will cover the surface of a leaf, but if you only see droplets on the leaf edges, then you are seeing an example of guttation. This moisture results from the special physics of plant transfer.

Plant Transport Systems

Like all living things, plants will need to transfer moisture and nutrients to all of their tissues. Plants use xylem and phloem as the key vehicles for transfer. Roots pull in water and nutrients from the soil, which are then moved upward into the leaves and stalks from xylem. The leaves use the sun to create energy and food for the plant, which then travels downward into the stems and then the roots through phloem.

Moving Xylem

To get to the leaves from the roots, xylem must overcome the downward pull of gravity. Throughout the day, this can be accomplished by transpiration, a special type of evaporation through holes in the leaves called stomata. The evaporation makes a pull just like a vacuum to drag the xylem up from the roots. At night, transpiration slows in part due to the stomata close, but xylem still needs to stream or the plant will wilt. To do so, the cells from the roots make it possible for minerals to build up. This build up of antioxidants contributes to water, which generates pressure in the main cells. This pressure pushes xylem back up to the leaves.

Xylem and Guttation

Leaves can simply take in a short quantity of water. Throughout the day or in dry conditions, the excess water evaporates because of the sun or wind. At night, cooler temperatures, peaceful states and closed stomata mean that the leaves don’t lose just as much moisture as during the day. After the pressure in the main cells shoves water-carrying xylem up, the stress forces excess water from their leaves through special structures called hydathodes found at the tip and margins or leaves. Guttation mainly occurs at night, but it sometimes happens during the day in areas with high humidity.

Plants and Guttation

Guttation doesn’t occur in every plant. Trees, by way of example, are too large to create the force needed to push xylem upward hard enough to cause guttation. Plants that most commonly experience guttation are non-woody and smaller than 3 feet tall, but some shrubs and vines show guttation as well. Guttation is typically not a problem for plants unless your soil has a high mineral content. Once the water does disappear, the minerals become left behind and can burn the tips of their leaves. Lowering the quantity of fertilizer you use can avoid this burn.

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The way to Install Foundation Drain Tile

Subsurface water or higher soil moisture in the landscape, as well as runoff from roofs, could threaten to seep through or leak to exposed structures or cause puddling, erosion or other problems in the landscape. One method of safeguarding your basement or crawlspace from moisture and direct excess water off efficiently is to install foundation drain tile along with the construction. Drain tiles are produced from several materials. They were traditionally made from clay, but today most drain liners is perforated PVC or corrugated plastic piping.

Dig a trench beside the construction that is at least 12 inches wide and extends down to the bottom or foundation bottom. Alternatively, if the sole concern is surface water or even water seeping off of their roof edge, excavate the trench to a minimum thickness of 24 inches. Be certain that the trench extends to a suitable outlet like a ditch, swale or pond. Produce a rough slope toward the outlet along the trench bottom.

Pound a stake into the ground at each end of the trench. Stretch a string using a line flat attached between the two bets so it is even, marking the point where the string is flat on the stake nearest the outlet.

Assess the distance between the two bets and calculate the extent that the trench should drop to have a slope of at least 1 percent. As an example, if the distance between the onset of the trench and the outlet is 75 feet, then the trench bottom should decline at least .75 feet, or 9 inches, above the amount of the trench. Measure this distance down to the second bet. Mark this stage and slip the string to the marked point.

Shape the bottom of the trench so that the string rests gently on top of the ground over the entire trench.

Line the trench using filter material or landscape fabric so that it covers the bottom and extends at least 18 inches up all sides of the trench.

Put the perforated drainpipe or tile in the bottom of the trench. Ensure it is centered in the trench with its perforations oriented horizontally.

Place a level on top of the drainpipe in various sections to ensure it still has the slope which was established earlier. Insert or remove soil or gravel below the pipe and landscape material, if necessary.

Cover the pipe with at least 12 inches of clean, coarse gravel or washed river stone. Fold the excess landscape material on each side over the surface of the gravel layer.

Fill the rest of the trench with gravel or other aggregates or soil that has been removed to dig the trench originally.

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How to Wash Around the Plastic Sweep of Frameless Shower Doors

No, it’s not hopeless; you can wash around the plastic brush of your glass shower door. With a small brushes and a couple of cleaning supplies, your shower door along with the sweep around it is going to look brand new.


Utilize a non-abrasive bathroom cleaner and glass cleaner for the glass door together with a soft microfiber fabric or paper towels. A homemade mixture of 50-to-50 water and vinegar — or bleach — or a manmade cleaner formulated in removing lime scale and bathroom scum is recommended. The tools needed to scrub the plastic brush are an old toothbrush for smaller places and a scouring brush or pad.


Remove the plastic strip from the bathtub door — tug a couple of times on the far-end until it loosens up — and then place it into a bathtub filled with the 50-to-50 homemade solution, or spray/pour fabricated cleaning solution over the plastic strip. Let it sit on the scum and lime scale for about 15 to 20 minutes to split it up. Scrub the plastic strip using a scouring pad or narrow brush — like a toothbrush — until clean. Spray or apply cleaning solution across the plastic sweep on the shower stall and then allow it to set for about 15 minutes. Use a toothbrush to scrub the narrow, little locations. Before putting the plastic strip back on the shower door, then spray on the door using a non-abrasive cleaner and then wipe it away with a soft, microfiber fabric or paper towel. Once the soap scum is gone, spray the glass door with a glass cleaner, then removing all stripes until it’s obvious. Finally, attach the clean plastic strip — hinge-side first — back on the door.

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Peroxide and Baking Soda for Stain Removal in an Engineered Wood Floor

Unlike solid wood flooring boards, engineered boards have just a hardwood veneer, but if the floor is stained, the flooring is fundamentally the same. Pet urine is particularly pernicious, together with the capability to generate unsightly black or white rings or stains. A combination of peroxide and baking soda can remove these.

Bleach Stains With Peroxide

Peroxide is a type of bleach, and although more powerful concentrations are more successful, the peroxide you keep in your medicine cabinet will do the job. To leach out the stain, put a paper towel and spray on the towel with peroxide. The towel should be moist, but not soaked. Leave it on the stain for many hours, then spraying it for more peroxide when it dries out.

Absorb Stains With Baking Soda

Following the peroxide therapy, you will need something to absorb the moisture from the floor and remove the stain, and baking soda is an perfect candidate for your job. It not only consumes, but it also deodorizes. Sprinkle it on the stain after you have removed the paper towel; let it dry immediately, and vacuum it away from the floor. If the first peroxide/baking soda treatment does not deal with the stain, it might take a few more repetitions.

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Home treatments for Sparkling Stainless Steel Pans

Maintain your stainless steel pots and pans seeming as good as fresh, no matter how often you use them, either by cleaning them with homemade, secure cleansers rather than harsh abrasives. Substances such as baking soda and vinegar maintain the stainless seeming its shiny best, treating a number of cleaning concerns in the procedure.

General Clean-and-Shine Solution

Eliminate minor food accumulation, grease and water spots that produce the cookware look dull and dirty by dipping a dishcloth into hot water with a little dish soap mixed in. Pour a splash of water into the pan, then sprinkle a tablespoon or two of baking soda in it. Scrub the inside and exterior of the pan using the dishcloth, utilizing the baking soda as an abrasive that shines the metal. If the deposit is hard to eliminate or the steel still is not as shiny as it could be, pour in a little vinegar and rub down the pan, inside and out, using the dishcloth. Rinse the pan and dry it soon thereafter to avoid water spots.

Baking Soda Scrub

Another mild way to wash and shine stainless steel cookware is having a homemade baking soda wash. Mix 2 tablespoons baking soda into a pint of warm water. Dip a soft cloth into the mix and wipe the inside and out of the pan using it. For stubborn spots, dip a damp, clean toothbrush or vegetable brush into baking soda and scrub the affected area. Rinse and dry the pan afterward. For extra shine, wipe the exterior of the pan using a soft cloth soaked in vinegar, then let it air dry.

Stubborn Grease Grabber

At times, burnt-on grease is the culprit that makes the pan less than shiny. Eliminate stubborn grease spots from inside the pan by boiling equal parts water and vinegar in the pan for several minutes. Allow the liquid to cool to room temperature, then slick away any grease that floats to the surface by using paper towels, discarding them later. Dump the grease-free vinegar solution down the drain. If the stubborn greasy accumulation is on the exterior of this pan, heat the vinegar solution in another pan, or in the microwave with a microwave-safe glass such as a measuring cup. Dip a folded paper towel into the warm liquid using tongs, then place the paper towel atop the spray place for several minutes. Eliminate the vinegar-soaked paper and wipe the area clean using a damp dishcloth or paper towel. Implement another warm vinegar treatment, if needed.

Preventive Maintenance

The longer stainless pans are left with food debris, water spots or grease splatters on them, the more difficult it is to eliminate. With time, stains on the exterior practically meld using the alloy as the pan is warmed over and again. To keep pan-cleaning out of becoming a significant chore, rub on the pans out after cooking as soon as they cool to room temperature. Wipe food debris around the inside away immediately, before it becomes caked on, and use a little salt or baking soda onto a damp cloth to remove spills in the exterior of the pan prior to the spills harden. Even in the event that you don’t have enough time to wash the pans completely after a meal, the big messes will be washed, making your work easier while maintaining the pans looking their finest. Dry the pans using a lint-free dish towel after washing them to keep the outsides shiny and spot-free.

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Feng Shui Red Door Significance

Red is an auspicious — and attractive — choice, although the belief which feng shui prescribes red to get front door is a misconception. It is a color that attracts attention, and the attention can bring fame and prosperity. Not everyone is looking for these boons, nevertheless, as well as those who are may not get them if their red door faces the path or clashes.

The Colour of Recognition

Red is the color of the southwest, and its element is fire. In the feng shui compass, each leadership signifies certain facets of lifestyle, and those related to the south are fame and recognition. It’s easy to appreciate how there came a red doorway to be associated with these aspects since it is hard to miss one. In Japan and China, red was an auspicious color used to shrines for the entrances. Building codes in China stated that just government officials may paint their doors red, which is one reason.

Western Ideas Concerning Red Doors

Western civilization has filtered feng shui ideas to some belief that red is a color on front door. In the days of horse and buggy, a red door brought travelers with a fantastic night’s sleep and a promise of hospitality. Red is an color; since the color of Christ’s blood, sanctity was signified by a red door on the church. Scottish homeowners painted their doors red when they’d finished paying the mortgage off.

Shade and Management

Red isn’t always the color for front door. Inside looking out by standing determine a door’s leadership. Because it is the color of the southwest, it may be out of place in the event front door faces in another direction. Chinese houses that are built in accordance with feng shui principles often face south to welcome the strong energy represented by that direction. Your home may not face in that direction, though, and you need to paint your doorway the color that is most appropriate for the direction it does face to encourage the energy that is auspicious.

When to Choose Crimson

The feng shui compass recognizes eight directions, but south is the only one. North is the color of water, and that direction attenuates red’s character; blue is a better color for north. On the other hand, an red may be an appropriate northeast or southwest, for the reason that they are earth directions. Another way to approach door color is to harmonize it with the life aspect. For instance, painting an east-facing door red could be reassuring to get a health specialist; east if the direction of health.

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Ideal Fertilizer Ratio for Orchids

The orchid family (Orchidaceae family) encompasses a huge array of plants in soil-bound North American natives to exotic, tree-dwelling tropicals. With varieties hardy from U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 12, orchids differ considerably from each other yet share similar nutrient requirements. A balanced, complete fertilizer, such as 20-20-20, provides excellent orchid nutrition in maintaining American Orchid Society recommendations.

Orchid Needs

Proper orchid nourishment is uncomplicated. Like all plants, orchids need nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the biggest amounts. These primary macronutrients are the three numbers on fertilizer packaging — always in the same order. Nitrogen (N) fuels green, leafy growth. Phosphorus (P) enhances root growth and flowering, and potassium (K) facilitates overall growth and wellness. Fertilizers that include all three of these essentials are called whole fertilizers. Products with three matching numbers contain equal proportions of these nutrients and are called balanced fertilizers. Complete, balanced nutrition facilitates all of the basic facets of orchid development.

Fertilizer Options

Some specialty orchid fertilizers adapt nutrient ratios for different stages of orchid development. Additional nitrogen facilitates powerful, fresh shoots, while phosphorus and potassium add extra boosts as plants flower or develop origins. These specialty fertilizers are available in a variety of ratios, but all build on a whole, balanced foundation. With bark-grown orchids, like moth orchids (Phalaenopsis spp., USDA zones 10 through 12), bark decomposition may reduce available nitrogen. A whole, 30-10-10 fertilizer offers extra nitrogen for all these plants. Nitrogen delivered in the kind of urea frequently tucked away. Non-urea fertilizers supply orchids with a more successful source, as stated by the American Orchid Society.

Timing and Rates

Orchids’ sensitive origins are vulnerable to fertilizer burn. Less is best. Year-round weekly feedings of all one-fourth-strength fertilizer are preferable to full-strength, monthly feedings for many orchid types. Water orchids with unfertilized water first, and completely wet the origins and growing medium. Then water with a diluted fertilizer solution. For example, dissolve 1/4 tsp of water-soluble, 20-20-20 fertilizer in 1 gallon of water water pre-watered mix well. Fertilize native ground-dwelling orchids, like slipper orchid (Cypripedium kentuckiense, USDA zones 3 through 8), from spring during the flowering season using the same diluted solution.

Water Factors

Salts from fertilizers or water itself can build up in orchid containers over time. The telltale white crust on bark, fiber or orchid origins shows orchids have been overfertilized or never watered before fluid applications. Salt buildup steals moisture and chemicals fertilizer burn. Sensitive orchid origins also react to chemicals and minerals in water added to fertilizers. Avoid softened water and mineral-heavy well water, which can damage orchid roots. Allow chlorinated tap water to sit overnight before applying. Captured precipitation or reverse-osmosis water flushes salts away and dilutes fertilizers without adding harmful salts. Use room-temperature water for fertilizer solutions.

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Tropical Palms Species That Grow in Shallow Wet Soil

Palm trees sway in the breeze, evoking the trade winds blowing across the shore of an exotic Pacific island. Even though shallow-rooted palm tree species flourish in tropical climates, not all enjoy having their roots wet. The majority of the palms that bear standing water vary in size from 10 to 100, and are natives of swamps, like the Everglades or more feet tall. When choosing a palm tree to get a boggy place in your yard, consider water needs and its size.

Small Palms

Palms planted in areas or in courtyards gardens as understory trees enable you to evoke the tropics without interfering with your neighbors’ views or power lines. After the garden is boggy, plant small, water-loving palms that thrive in wet soils, such as ruffled fan palm (Licuala grandis), that develops in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10a through 11, mangrove fan palm (Licuala spinosa), that develops in USDA zones 9 through 11, or lipstick palm (Cyrtostachys renda), which develops in USDA zones 10b through 11.

Medium Palms

Medium-sized palm trees, which range from 25 may be utilized as shade trees or as a focal point within a tropical garden. One of the palms that tolerate wet soil would be the Everglades hand (Acoelorrhaphe wrightii), also referred to as the silver viewed palm, which grows in USDA zones 9b through 11, and carnauba wax palm (Copernicia prunifera), which favors the warmer climates of USDA zones 10b through 11. The carnauba wax palm is a bit salt tolerant. Palms are clumping, sprouting new stems from the main system. Keep the suckers pruned to keep three to four trunks on tree.

Tall Palms

When implanted against a backdrop of the ocean or mountains palm trees supply the ambiance of a tropical island. One of the tropical palms that thrive in wet soils is that the cabbage palm (Sabal palmetto), which develops in USDA zones 8 comprehensive 10. Native to the swamps of the Bahamas, Cuba and the South, cabbage palms tolerate both brackish and standing water. Other big water-loving palms incorporate the Florida royal palm tree (Roystonea elata) and buriti palm (Mauritia flexuosa), each of which increase in USDA zones 10 through 11.

Raised Beds

You can construct a raised bed or berm for palm tree species that prefer a well-draining soil, but won’t tolerate wet feet Since palm trees are shallow-rooted. Smaller tropical palms benefit from the elevated beds that raise them above the surrounding landscape, while indigenous trees, like the California fan palm (Washingtonia filifera), that develops in USDA zones 8b through 11, flourish in the moist but well-drained soil.

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The Best Time to Transplant an English Laurel

English laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) is an evergreen shrub or tree that’s a fast-grower, reaching a height of 15 to 30 feet when mature. It does well as a single specimen or implanted in a row to form a hedge. This really is a smog-tolerant plant that thrives in slightly inland coastal locations and grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 through 9. If you need to transplant a English laurel, selecting a good time and supplying a bit of extra care before and after the transfer can see to it that the plant remains healthy in its site.

Transplanting in Early Spring

Though it’s an evergreen and doesn’t become fully dormant, the English laurel slows its growth during cool winter weather and becomes semi-dormant during these weeks. It’s best to transfer the plant in early spring, once soil temperature is above 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Do this while the laurel’s still partly inactive but poised to put out fresh roots and top growth — if you analyze dormant buds on several twigs, you’ll notice that they haven’t yet started to swell or show green. Choose a day once the plant’s not stressed from dry weather and the soil is moist. If it’s a massive specimen, run a length of soft twine outside around the plant’s branches, then tying them securely to avoid damaging them during the move.

Tranplanting in Autumn

If your region is in a warmer part of this English laurel’s scope, such as USDA zone 9 and over where frosts are rare and the ground doesn’t freeze in winter, soil temperatures are probably warm enough year round to support root development. In these areas, it is possible to transplant a laurel from the fall and the plant will put out fresh roots during winter. Transplanting in fall also helps the tree prevent the stress of summer heat that a spring-transplanted laurel can encounter soon after it’s moved. If you transfer a laurel from the fall, spreading a 4- to 6-inch thick layer of organic mulch below the plant’s canopy then it’s moved can warm its origins and encourage development of new roots.

Some Preparation Helps

If you have some time before you intend to transfer a laurel, provide the plant some extra attention to help prepare it. Keep it well-watered throughout the season before you transplant, ensuring that it receives at least 1 inch of water weekly, like rain. It also helps to maintain the plant mapped exactly the exact same way after you transfer the laurel to its place — mark a branch that faces north and keep this side toward north in the new site. It’s also very important to keep it at precisely the exact same depth in its new place, to avoid suffocation or drying from origins from planting too deep or too shallow, respectively. Use white paint or weatherproof tape to mark the original soil line on several large branches — make certain that these marks can also be at the ground line following transplanting.

Giving Good Aftercare

After you’ve transplanted a English laurel, keep it well watered, especially during the first few weeks — watch for any wilting of foliage, a sign that it’s not getting enough moisture. Check the top two or three inches of soil regularly and water when it’s dry to the touch, using a soaker hose positioned near the dripline — let water soak till the top 6 inches of soil are moist. If your area will be windy, protecting the plant for its first time with a burlap screen attached to posts driven into the ground around the windy side can help prevent excessive water loss through the foliage. Maintain the laurel well-mulched, but pull mulch away from the lower branches to prevent fungal issues.

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